O que são biopesticidas e controles biológicos?

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Biopesticidas e controles biológicos são controladores de pragas e doenças para proteção de plantas com base em organismos vivos e compostos de origem natural.

São categorizados como microbianos, semi-químicos, substâncias naturais e macrobiológicos.

  • The microbials contain bacteria, fungi, viruses and other microorganisms that have the capacity to kill pests or outcompete and prevent diseases.
  • Semiochemicals are message-bearing compounds produced by an animal or plant that can be used to change and disrupt a pest’s normal behaviour.
  • Natural substances obtained from plants, minerals and animals can have antimicrobial, insecticidal or pest repellent activity.
  • Macrobials contain insects and mites that when released will parasitize and feed on pests.

Todas podem ser usadas para perturbar, deter ou matar pragas e doenças que atacam as plantas.