शत्रुजीव व्यवस्थापन

कुनै उत्पादनको प्रभावकारिता सुनिश्चिततामा शत्रुजीव व्यवस्थापनका लागि जैविक विधीहरुमा आधारित उत्पादनको भण्डारण, परिचालन, प्रयोगको तरिका र समय अत्यन्तै महत्वपूर्ण हुन सक्छन । यहाँ तपाईंले विभिन्न श्रोतहरु भेट्टाउनुहुनेछ जसले तपाईंलाई तपाईंको उत्पादन प्रणालीमा यी एजेन्टहरुको प्रभाव बढाउने कार्य गर्दछन ।

What is Integrated Pest Management?

Bioprotection or biocontrol can be used within an Integrated Pest Management (IPM) programme/approach. Integrated Pest Management can be defined as:

“an holistic approach to management of a pest by all available means, including the judicious use of chemical pesticides.”

A more precise definition and the principles of IPM can be found on the EU Sustainable Use of Pesticides webpage.

Why use biocontrol?

There are a number of very good reasons to use biopesticides and biological controls:

  • They are natural and have minimal environmental impact, plus they leave little or no toxic residues so we get cleaner and safer food.
  • They can introduce different modes of action to their chemical counterparts, reducing the selection pressure for pesticide resistance.
  • Many have zero or very low pre-harvest and re-entry intervals
  • Many products are highly specific to the target pest.
  • And many are perfectly compatible with standard spray equipment.

Examples include:

  • Nemaflor® (e-nema) which contains tiny worm-like nematodes that infect and kill pests such as thrips and leaf miners; and
  • Trianum-G (Koppert Biological Systems) which contains a fungus that grows along the roots of plants and protects them from incoming disease

A good example of how biocontrol or bioprotection fits within an overall IPM strategy can be seen here: IPM Pyramid

Illustrations of how these components can be put together for specific crops can be seen in these panels from IBMA: IPM in practice

What is monitoring and scouting?

A quick guide to effective crop monitoring is provided in this short video from the UK’s AHDB:

How do you apply bioprotection agents?

Microbials

Application of bioprotection agents and the correct dosage are important for their effective use. This is addressed in the following videos for the fungal bioprotection agent Metarhizium.

Macrobials

EPN application  in fruit trees

A useful guide to combination of EPNs with chemical pesticides can be found on the e-nema web site.

Similarly, the Biobest Side Effect Manual is a useful tool to ensure maximum efficacy of your bioprotection product.

Safe use and storage

Unlike conventional crop protection agents biological materials can require more care, particularly in regard to aspects of storage such as ambient temperature and shelf-life. The following video highlights some of these issues for the biocontrol agent Metarhizium:

As for conventional pesticides care of personal hygiene and safety still needs to be considered. This video highlights the need for PPE in the use of the fungal biocontrol agent Metarhizium:

Other Resources

Coffee

Using natural pest control on your coffee crops – what are the benefits and how do you do it? Our guide takes you through the steps from start to finish to help you start using safer pest control.

शत्रुजीव पहिचान

तपाईंको समस्या शत्रुजीवको पहिचानको बारेमा जानकारी हुनु सो शत्रुजीव व्यवस्थापनको प्रभावकारी माध्यमहरुको श्रोत व्यवस्थापनका लागि अति महत्वपूर्ण हुन्छ । यहाँ हामी शत्रुजीव पहिचानमा सहयोग, र तपाईंको निदान क्षमताको अन्तर्निहित विकासका लागि निर्देशन र उपकरणहरु प्रदान गर्छौं ।

जैविक नियन्त्रणका एजेन्टहरुका प्रकारहरु

जैविक नियन्त्रण एजेन्टहरुको दायरा र तिनीहरुबाट लक्षित शत्रुजीवहरुसँग अन्तर्क्रिया गर्ने तरिकाको राम्रो वुझाइले तपाईंको उत्पादन प्रणालीको लागि उपयुक्त एजेन्ट छनौटमा सहयोग गर्न सक्छ, यतिमात्र नभै तिनीहरु कसरी अझ प्रभावकारी रुपमा प्रयोग गर्न सकिन्छ भन्ने बारेमा भित्री ज्ञान पनि प्रदान गर्दछ । यहाँ हामी यस्ता नयाँ खालका विधीहरुमा अझ वढी सूचना प्रदान गर्नका लागि अतिरिक्त सुचना तथा श्रोतहरु प्रदान गर्दछौं ।

जैविक नियन्त्रणको परिभाषा

कृषि र वातावरणीय शत्रुजीवहरुको व्यवस्थापनका लागि अझ वढी दिगो विधी भनेको जैविक विधीबाट नियन्त्रण (वा जैविक नियन्त्रण) को प्रयोग नै हो । यहाँ हामी शत्रुजीव व्यवस्थापनका लागि जैविक नियन्त्रण तथा जैविक नियन्त्र०का विभिन्न प्रकारका तरिकाहरु संक्षेपमा व्याख्या गर्छौं ।